Cross – Lithuania or Germany, late 15th – early 16th c. Side fabric – Italy, 16th c. (?)
15th–16th c. Between the Middle Ages and Renaissance
The predominant style in Lithuania in the late 15th and early 16th century still pointed to the transition from Gothic to Renaissance. The architectural arch, under which individual saints or biblical scenes were represented, no longer framed a figure, but served as a three-dimensional action field. In the Renaissance period, the or nué technique was developed, and the knowledge of perspective drawing and anatomy began to be applied. In Lithuania, the art of embroidery was strongly influenced by the Flemish and German traditions.
The chasuble is the central vestment for the Holy Mass worn by a priest over all the other parts of liturgical clothing. Originating from a Roman conical cloak protecting from cold, it has retained its form throughout the Middle Ages. Its sides gradually became shorter allowing more freedom of movement, until it became similar to a magnificent shield. The 19th–20th century liturgical movements returned the ancient form of a cloak to the chasuble.
Images of Christ and scenes from the Gospel
The back of the chasuble is adorned with a scene of the Crucifixion. The scenes of the Passion of Christ represented on the ends of the intersections are hardly recognizable: the kiss of Judas at the bottom, Flagellation on the left, the Crown of Thorns on the right, and the Court at the top.