Lithuania, middle of the 19th c.
Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Trakai.
19th c. Professional versus amateur
The 19th century is characterized by a large variety of styles and techniques. In Lithuania, the persisting tradition of Baroque was reflected in the decoration of liturgical vestments, and the impact of the mid-century Gothic revival in Europe was hardly felt. The back orphrey of chasubles often acquired the form of a cross. Medallions with Christograms, images of saints or the Lamb of God were placed at the intersection of the cross.
The chasuble is the central vestment for the Holy Mass worn by a priest over all the other parts of liturgical clothing. Originating from a Roman conical cloak protecting from cold, it has retained its form throughout the Middle Ages. Its sides gradually became shorter allowing more freedom of movement, until it became similar to a magnificent shield. The 19th–20th century liturgical movements returned the ancient form of a cloak to the chasuble.
Other embroidery techniques
The chasuble embroidered in a mixed technique reflects the continued traditions of Baroque with deep roots in folk art. Alongside, a new style of decoration of liturgical vestments was formed in the 19th century: the back orphrey of chasubles often acquired the form of a cross. Medallions with monograms, emblems, symbolic or saint figures were placed at the intersection of the cross.
Symbols of faith, floral ornaments
The Eye of Providence in a triangle refers to the Holy Trinity, the omnipresent Creator watching over humanity and radiating divinity and holiness.