Lithuania, first half of the 18th c.
Vilnius Cathedral.

18th c. Rococo colours and ideas of Classicism
The spirit of Rococo is particularly well reflected in eighteenth-century patterned silk fabrics from the weaving mills of France, above all Lyon, whose ornaments and colours were adopted by acupictors. The distinctive features of this style are light pastel colours, swirling flower garlands and diagonally meandering “rivers”. In the third quarter of the 18th century, the taste in decorative arts inclined towards classics with a predilection for clear architectural lines and a renewed interest in motifs of classical antiquity.
The chasuble is the central vestment for the Holy Mass worn by a priest over all the other parts of liturgical clothing. Originating from a Roman conical cloak protecting from cold, it has retained its form throughout the Middle Ages. Its sides gradually became shorter allowing more freedom of movement, until it became similar to a magnificent shield. The 19th–20th century liturgical movements returned the ancient form of a cloak to the chasuble.
Embroidery with metal and silk threads, embroidery on canvas

Silver threads are laid and couched with silk stitches forming an even fine geometrical pattern of the background surface. Coloured silk ornaments are embroidered with cross-stitch on canvas, thus allowing picturesque colour transitions in flower patterns or figures.

Images of saints, floral ornaments
The chasuble that belonged to St. Casimir’s Church in Vilnius is decorated with images of Jesuit saints. St. Stanislaus Kostka holding the Infant Jesus is embroidered on the back.